Creative Skills Europe

Trends in Europe


A YOUNG WORKFORCE, a majority of SMALL-SIZED COMPANIES, a large (and increasing) number of professionals operating OUTSIDE THE ‘EMPLOYEE STATUS’, relatively DYNAMIC MARKETS that translate into a growing number of companies but not a similarly upward growth in employment opportunities.

The DIGITAL SHIFT, the MULTIPLATFORM ENVIRONMENT, their impact on the sector’s BUSINESS MODELS and on individual career paths. SQUEEZED PUBLIC FUNDING, more precarious work opportunities, as seen in shorter employment contracts, an increase in FREELANCING and NEW FORMS OF WORK ARRANGEMENTS.


The appearance of NEW OCCUPATIONS and the disappearance of others. The increased relevance of MULTI-SKILLING.

The need to INNOVATE AND EXPERIMENT with new development schemes. The opportunities offered by the DIGITAL TOOLS and by the high demand for NEW CONTENTS in the digital environment.

The diversification of skills sets to accommodate MULTI-ACTIVITY. The legal, administrative and financial requirements, and other HORIZONTAL SKILLS, needed to face self-employment, freelancing and new types of work arrangements.


Adjusting initial education and ongoing training schemes to the realities on the ground, and anticipating future changes, have been identified as topics for top priority on the European Union agenda in its fight against unemployment. A dynamic workforce is a workforce that is equipped to face current and future challenges, and that has access to relevant training schemes each time that new skills needs emerge.

Creative Skills Europe was launched in November 2014 by a partnership of European trade unions and employers’ organisations. From November 2014 to June 2016 Creative Skills Europe collected and shared sector labour market intelligence gathered from different EU countries, developed a European perspective on developments in the audiovisual and live performance sectors, promoted contacts and exchanges between sector stakeholders active in the employment and training fields, and promoted peer learning and the exchange of best practice across EU borders.

In its European publication, Creative Skills Europe collected data on the audiovisual and live performance markets in eight EU countries. It also ran an extensive literature review on the trends at work in our sectors and on the skills needs emerging from them. Through this exercise partners were invited to reflect on the impact of the digital shift, of the economic downturn and of the emergence of new business models on occupations in the sector. Partners finally put forward a set of conclusions and recommendations, aimed at policymakers and sector stakeholders, with the objective of encouraging further collaboration at national and European levels.

You can consult the 2016 Creative Skills Europe report in English, French and Spanish.

An Executive summary is also available in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish.